FAQ: F400 Specifications & Performance
Where can I find detailed specifications for the Fusion3 F400 3d printer?
Detailed specifications for the Fusion3 F400 3D printer are included on the F400 product sheet. The product sheet can be downloaded from the Fusion3 website HERE.
If I print the same part on the F400, should I expect any different in print quality from part to part?
Our part quality is very consistent due to both the design of our F-Series platform and our strict manufacturing tolerances and quality assurance testing prior to shipping your printer. This has bee proven out from our print farm, that produces parts for our manufacturing process and run 24/7.
How does the positional resolutions (20-300 micron Z, and 21 microns (X/Y) and minimum feature size (.5 MM2 ) translate into printed part resolutions?
The only numbers that matter are the z layer height range (20 to 300 microns) and the minimum feature size. Z resolution is the thickness of each layer. Smaller layers usually look better, especially on curved surfaces. But the part will take longer to build.
Z resolution is the thickness of each layer. Smaller layers usually look better, especially on curved surfaces. But the part will take longer to build. Important to note that two printers with the same “on paper” z resolution can make parts that look drastically different. It’s possible for “high resolution” parts to look bad if the printer has poor X/Y repeatability (more on this in a minute).
Minimum feature size is how small a feature the printer can repeatedly make. In our case we can make a stand-alone column about 0.5mm^2 in cross-section. Due to how FFF 3D printing works (draws like a pen plotter), there are some situations where small features or features with varying thicknesses (like a wall going from 3mm thickness to 0.5mm) is not going to behave like the user expects. It’s important to check the toolpath preview in Simplify3D prior to printing to catch things like this.
What’s not captured in anyone’s specs is XY repeatability, and it’s probably the most important factor in making good looking parts.
XY repeatability works like this: I start at some point in XY space, say 100, 100. And then execute a series of random moves of the print head all around the build envelope. When I’m done, I tell it to return to 100, 100 and measure how close to the original point it is. The closer we are, the better XY repeatability we have, and the better our parts will look. Poor XY repeatability can make the layers look slightly misaligned from one another.
What’s the range of print speeds for the F400?
The F400 can print at speeds ranging from 100mm/s to 250mm/s. The default speed for the F400 is 100mm/s.
What’s the speed of the first layer and what does it speed up to after that?
The first layer is printed at 1/2 of the normal print speed. Note that the quality of the first layer is very important to the quality of the print. The first layer needs to adhere well to the print bed and be smooth and even. The slower speed ensures that this layer is good. After the first layer, the F400 will automatically speed up to the selected print speed.
What is the fastest print speed the F400 can run at?
The F400 can print at a maximum speed of 250mm/sec.
What’s the impact on part quality when the F400 prints at 250mm/sec?
Fusion3’s patent-pending motion controls system is designed for high-speed printing. For many parts, there isn’t a noticeable quality change printing at higher speeds. When printing parts with many corners and small features at 200 or 250mm/s, you may see some “artifacting” in corners where the printer is slowing and then accelerating around the corner.
Why is the F400 default print speed 100mm/second? Does that need to change for different parts?
This speed provides the best combination of great quality with good print times with common materials. Printing slower than this provides some increase in surface smoothness and small feature resolution, but for most parts it is not noticeable. Speeds up to 250mm/s still provide very good print quality, but some “artifacting” can be seen, particularly where the print head slows and accelerates in corners and other direction changes. Higher print speeds are less appropriate for very small parts since the deposited plastic needs sufficient time to cool.
Can a user change print speed settings easily on the F400?
Yes, it’s quite easy to change the print speed settings on the F400. We provide presets (material profile) for each material that correspond to a setting that provides excellent print quality with reasonably quick print times (0.2mm layers, 30% infill, 100mm/s print speed). The customer has the capability to adjust all printing parameters including layer height, infill, speed, and support material generation as needed. There is minimal quality improvement to be gained by running slower than our standard print speed. However, lowering the layer height to 0.1mm will result in better quality output. Some materials such as Bridge Nylon are configured to run slower due to the material’s properties.
Does the F400’s bed have an auto leveling feature?
Yes, the F400 features an automatic leveling system that is performed by a touchless infra-red sensor. This process samples the bed height and adjust the Z axis in real time to maintain the correct height. The process takes about 15 seconds.
What are the storage / connectivity options for the F400?
The printer comes with an SD storage slot. It has the ability to connect to a network via Ethernet or WIFI (requires 3rd part adapter).
Can I control the F400 remotely over a network?
Yes, you can control the F400 remotely. The F400 has an onboard web server, that when connected using a standard web browser, allows you to upload files, monitor print progress, and manage your F400 remotely from anywhere on your network. The network can be accessed via Ethernet or WIFI (requires 3rd party adapter).
Why doesn’t the F400 have wi-fi built in?
Many of our customers are in large corporations, government, and the military and have strict rules around the security of devices. Many of these customers feel that having a wireless adapter built into the printer creates security vulnerabilities. Should you wish to connect your printer via wi-fi, please contact Fusion3 Support and they will help you select an inexpensive, external wifi adapter that is compatible with our printers.
How reliable is the F400? How do you test for reliability?
The F400 is one of the most reliable 3D printers on the market today. We have nine Fusion3 printers utilizing our F-Series platform, dedicated to printing the parts used to build new printers in our factory. These printers run between 16 and 24 hours per day, 5+ days per week. Two of these printers have been in service for over 10,000 hours of run time with only routine maintenance and some upgrades to the current configuration. This is equivalent to printing 10 hours per day, 5 days per week for 4 years.
What print surface is used with the F400?
The F400 print bed is a plain glass surface with special contact pads underneath each corner (for the auto leveling probe). We’ve tested every print surface imaginable, and found that glass is the best surface for the wide variety of materials we support. Glass is very flat, low cost, and is easily cleaned. And while it’s not completely impervious to damage, it is easily replaced if it does become damaged.
What kind of print head is used with the F400-S?
The F400-S uses the E3D V6 all-metal hotend / print head. We tested several OEM print heads and selected the E3D product. It is a very reliable, long-lasting and high-performance hotend.
What kind of print head is used with the F400-HFR?
The F400-HFR uses the E3D ‘Volcano” all-metal hotend / print head. This unique product is able to more rapidly heat and accurately disburse the material and is one of the many key features to deliver the HFR’s (‘high flow rate’) performance.
I’ve heard that print heads tend to either wear our quickly or jam/clog while using specialty infused filaments?
Not often, this is one of the main reasons why Fusion made the decision to use E3D all-metal hotend and incorporate a hardened steel nozzle. Unlike brass nozzles, hardened steel nozzles do not degrade when using abrasive filaments. For some infused materials, especially those that incorporate metals that are irregularly sized, we recommend using the optional .6MM print head when used on the F400-S.
What nozzle diameter options are available on the F400-S?
The F400-S default nozzle diameter is 0.4mm. If you have special needs that may require a different nozzle diameter, we do offer an additional 0.6mm nozzle print head for purchase. For most applications, our testing shows the 0.4mm nozzle to be the best choice.
Does changing nozzles cause misalignment?
No, when you change nozzles on an F400 you will actually be swapping out an entirely different print head that will eliminate the chance of misalignment.
What is the process of swapping print heads?
The process to swap print heads is simple and fast that does not require any special tools, other the ones provided to you in your accompanied tool kit. See pages 85-89 in the F400 user manual for more details.
What type of extruder is used with the F400?
The F400 uses a Bowden style extruder where the filament feed mechanism is mounted in a fixed position to the printer frame. The filament is fed through a low-friction tube to the hotend where it is melted and then deposited on the print. The patent-pending F400 design provides precise control of the filament flow.
Can Fusion3 printers work with flexible materials like Ninja-flex(TM)?
Fusion3’s F400 3D printers print most flexible materials very well including those made from TPU, TPE, Nylon and PCTPE. We have found that NinjaTek’s Ninja-FlexTM material is the only prominent flexible material that does not work well with our printers. We have certified materials very similar to Ninja-flex that you can use as a substitute. Please contact our support team if you require assistance in identifying a flexible material for your particular application.
Do you offer a dual extruder version of the F400?
As of 2/15/2017, we do not offer a dual extruder version of the F400. We have many customers request this, however, there are not any reliable soluble materials on the market that would justify the significant performance degradation that come from the increased mass of having 2 print heads .
Why would a customer choose the F400-HFR over the F400-S?
The F400-HFR is recommended for customers who want to print large parts, without small details, at a faster rate. The F400-HFR will print parts in 50-60% less time compared to the already fast F400-S
What is the difference between the F400-S and F400-HFR?
The F400-HFR is for the production of large parts where speed is more important than detail. It features a .8mm nozzle compared to the F400-S .4mm nozzle (and is unable to recreate small details in your printer).
The F400-HFR prints a maximum .5mm layer height compared to the F400-S maximum layer height of .3mm.
The HFR has a max travel speed of 500mm/sec compared to the F400-S’s 250mm/sec.
Can you use a F400-S .4MM or .6MM printhead on the F400-HFR?
The F400-HFR has distinct software and hardware differences to the F400-S and the F400-S print heads (0.4 mm, 0.6mm) cannot be used on the F400-HFR.
What filament size and spool size can be used on the F400?
The F400 prints 1.75mm filament, the filament spool can weigh up to 4kg.
What filament diameter does the F400-HFR use?
The F400-HFR uses the same filament diameter as the F400-S, 1.75mm.
What is the electrical input / output of the F400?
The electrical input is 110V, 6A peak. The electrical out is 230V, 3A peak.
What is the max build volume of the F400?
The F400-S’ has a max build volume of 1.43 cubic feet (14″x14″x12.6″), the F400-HFR has a max of 1.38 cubic feet (14″X14″X12.2″).
How much space will I need for the F400?
The total volume the F400 will take up is 30.6 in X 28.1 in X 25.25 inches. You will need much more clearance above the printer (approx. 60″ total) to allow for the door to swing open, upwards.
How much does the F400 weigh?
The F400 weighs 85lb/38.56kg, it requires two-person to lift.
Does the F400 have any kind of air filter if my workspace lacks adequate ventilation?
The F400 features an optional HEPA/Carbon Filter System that reduces smells and potentially hazardous emissions. The filter itself cost $49 and a pack of 6 Carbon / 6 HEPA filters is $30.